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DNA Profiling:


We breed for health and temperament first.  Our Jack Russell Terriers have completed the following screenings and clearances: Thyroid panels, Luxating Patellas, Blood Chemistry, Complete Panels and B.A.E.R. (hearing test).

In addition, they have completed DNA screenings for over 160 known disease markers more recently discovered/mapped.  As more DNA testing becomes available, we will take full advantage and test our terriers.


All of this tests are able to tell us if our dogs have a condition, or may be a carrier of a condition. We use several different genetic laboratories as not one lab is able to provide us with all of the testing.
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We Health Test


Canine Profiling (Genotyping) is used to establish a secure, permanent ID of each individual dog.  All of our Connemara foundation terriers have had their DNA profiled and recorded. DNA profiles can be used to positively identify and link a pup or dog to their heritage - All our Connemara pups can be linked to the Connemara line.

Each Connemara Jack Russell puppy has a copy of their DNA profile on file with DNA World Pet Registry, and goes home with a collar tag to certify they have been profiled and a Certificate of Parentage issued. The DNA Proof of Parentage Test is used to make a familial match and certify a proper breeding has occurred. This is done by comparing the DNA of the puppy, Dam and Sire.

If a website says: “We Health Test”…and then you don’t see a page devoted to health testing, or OFA numbers assigned to the terriers, or more information with a LIST of tests like the list below - then ASK QUESTIONS AND FIND OUT WHAT THAT MEANS.

HEALTH CONDITION LIST

Our Connemara Terriers have been tested for 160+ known genetic health conditions in 16 different areas, including:

Clinical
MDR1 Drug Sensitivity (MDR1)
Alanine Aminotransferase Activity (GPT)

Blood
P2Y12 Receptor Platelet Disorder (P2RY12)
Factor IX Deficiency, Hemophilia B (F9 Exon 7, Terrier Variant)
Factor IX Deficiency, Hemophilia B (F9 Exon 7, Rhodesian Ridgeback Variant)
Factor VII Deficiency (F7 Exon 5)
Factor VIII Deficiency, Hemophilia A (F8 Exon 10, Boxer Variant)
Factor VIII Deficiency, Hemophilia A (F8 Exon 11, Shepherd Variant 1)
Factor VIII Deficiency, Hemophilia A (F8 Exon 1, Shepherd Variant 2)
Thrombopathia (RASGRP2 Exon 5, Basset Hound Variant)
Thrombopathia (RASGRP2 Exon 8)
Thrombopathia (RASGRP2 Exon 5, American Eskimo Dog Variant)
Von Willebrand Disease Type II (VWF Exon 28)
Von Willebrand Disease Type III (VWF Exon 4)
Von Willebrand Disease Type I (VWF)
Canine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Type III (LAD3) (FERMT3)
Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia (TUBB1 Exon 1, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Variant)
Canine Elliptocytosis (SPTB Exon 30)
Cyclic Neutropenia, Gray Collie Syndrome (AP3B1 Exon 20)
Glanzmann's Thrombasthenia Type I (ITGA2B Exon 12)
May-Hegglin Anomaly (MYH9)
Prekallikrein Deficiency (KLKB1 Exon 8)
Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PKLR Exon 5)
Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PKLR Exon 7 Labrador Variant)
Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PKLR Exon 7 Pug Variant)
Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PKLR Exon 7 Beagle Variant)
Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PKLR Exon 10)
Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome (VPS13B)
Ligneous Membranitis (PLG)

Immune
Complement 3 (C3) deficiency (C3)
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (PRKDC)
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (RAG1)
X-linked Severe Combined Immunodeficiency(IL2RG Variant 1)
X-linked Severe Combined Immunodeficiency(IL2RG Variant 2)

Hormones
Congenital Hypothyroidism (TPO, Tenterfield Terrier Variant)

Eyes
Progressive Retinal Atrophy - rcd1 Rod-cone dysplasia, rcd1 (PDE6B Exon 21 Irish Setter Variant)
Progressive Retinal Atrophy Rod-cone dysplasia, rcd1a (PDE6B Exon 21 Sloughi Variant)
Progressive Retinal Atrophy - rcd3 Rod-cone dysplasia, rcd3 (PDE6A)
Progressive Retinal Atrophy - CNGA (CNGA1 Exon 9)
Progressive Retinal Atrophy - prcd Progressive rod-cone degeneration (PRCD Exon 1)
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (CNGB1)
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (SAG)
Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 2(TTC8)
Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd1 (PDE6B)
Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd2 (IQCB1)
Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd4/cord1(RPGRIP1)
Collie Eye Anomaly, Choroidal Hypoplasia(NHEJ1)
Achromatopsia (CNGA3 Exon 7 German Shepherd Variant)
Achromatopsia (CNGA3 Exon 7 Labrador Retriever Variant)
Autosomal Dominant Progressive Retinal Atrophy(RHO)
Canine Multifocal Retinopathy cmr1 (BEST1 Exon 2)
Canine Multifocal Retinopathy cmr2 (BEST1 Exon 5)
Canine Multifocal Retinopathy cmr3 (BEST1 Exon 10 Deletion)
Canine Multifocal Retinopathy cmr3 (BEST1 Exon 10 SNP)
Glaucoma Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (ADAMTS10 Exon 9)
Glaucoma Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (ADAMTS10 Exon 17)
Glaucoma Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (ADAMTS17 Exon 11)
Glaucoma Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (ADAMTS17 Exon 2)
Hereditary Cataracts, Early-Onset Cataracts, Juvenile Cataracts (HSF4 Exon 9 Shepherd Variant)
Primary Lens Luxation (ADAMTS17)
Congenital stationary night blindness (RPE65)
Macular Corneal Dystrophy (MCD) (CHST6)

Kidney and Bladder
2,8-Dihydroxyadenine (2,8-DHA) Urolithiasis(APRT)
Cystinuria Type I-A (SLC3A1)
Cystinuria Type II-A (SLC3A1)
Cystinuria Type I-A (SLC7A9)
Hyperuricosuria and Hyperuricemia or Urolithiasis (SLC2A9)
Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD1)
Primary Hyperoxaluria (AGXT)
Protein Losing Nephropathy (NPHS1)
X-Linked Hereditary Nephropathy (Samoyed Variant 2) (COL4A5 Exon 35)
Autosomal Recessive Hereditary Nephropathy, Familial Nephropathy (COL4A4 Exon 3)

Multisystem
Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (CCDC39 Exon 3)
Congenital Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca and Ichthyosiform Dermatosis (CKCSID), Dry Eye Curly Coat Syndrome (FAM83H Exon 5)
X-linked Ectodermal Dysplasia, Anhidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia (EDA Intron 8)
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 2 (TPP1 Exon 4)
Renal Cystadenocarcinoma and Nodular Dermatofibrosis (RCND) (FLCN Exon 7)
Glycogen Storage Disease Type II, Pompe's Disease (GAA)
Glycogen Storage Disease Type Ia, Von Gierke Disease (G6PC)
GM1 Gangliosidosis (GLB1 Exon 15 Shiba Inu Variant)
Glycogen Storage Disease Type IIIa (GSD IIIa)(AGL)
Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IIIA, Sanfilippo Syndrome Type A (SGSH Exon 6 Variant 1)
Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IIIA, Sanfilippo Syndrome Type A (SGSH Exon 6 Variant 2)
Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome(GUSB Exon 5)
Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome(GUSB Exon 3)
Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase deficiency (PFKM Exon 21)
Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase deficiency (PFKM Exon 8)
Lagotto Storage Disease (ATG4D)
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1 (PPT1 Exon 8)
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1, Cerebellar Ataxia - NCL-A (ARSG Exon 2)
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1 (CLN5 Exon 4 Variant 1)
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 6 (CLN6 Exon 7)
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 8 (CLN8 Exon 2)
Adult-Onset Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis(ATP13A2)
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (MFSD8)
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (CLN8)
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 10 (CTSD Exon 5)
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (CLN5 Exon 4 Variant 2)
GM1 Gangliosidosis (GLB1 Exon 15 Alaskan Husky Variant)
GM1 Gangliosidosis (GLB1 Exon 2)
GM2 Gangliosidosis (HEXB, Poodle Variant)
GM2 Gangliosidosis (HEXA)
Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy, Krabbe disease(GALC Exon 5)

Other Systems
Autosomal Recessive Amelogenesis Imperfecta(Italian Greyhound Variant)
Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome (AMHR2)
Deafness and Vestibular Syndrome of Dobermans (DVDob, DINGS)
Shar-Pei Autoinflammatory Disease (SPAID, Shar-Pei Fever) (MTBP)

Brain and Spinal Cord
Alaskan Husky Encephalopathy, Subacute Necrotizing Encephalomyelopathy (SLC19A3)
Alexander Disease (GFAP)
Cerebellar Abiotrophy, Neonatal Cerebellar Cortical Degeneration (SPTBN2)
Cerebellar Ataxia, Progressive Early-Onset Cerebellar Ataxia (SEL1L)
Cerebellar Hypoplasia (VLDLR)
Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Late-Onset Ataxia(CAPN1)
Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures (KCNJ10)
Benign Familial Juvenile Epilepsy, Remitting Focal Epilepsy (LGI2)
Degenerative Myelopathy (SOD1A)
Fetal-Onset Neonatal Neuroaxonal Dystrophy(MFN2)
Hypomyelination and Tremors (FNIP2)
Shaking Puppy Syndrome, X-linked Generalized Tremor Syndrome (PLP)
L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria (L2HGDH)
Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures (NEWS)(ATF2)
Polyneuropathy, NDRG1 Greyhound Variant(NDRG1 Exon 15)
Polyneuropathy, NDRG1 Malamute Variant(NDRG1 Exon 4)
Narcolepsy (HCRTR2 Intron 6)
Progressive Neuronal Abiotrophy (Canine Multiple System Degeneration) (SERAC1 Exon 15)
Progressive Neuronal Abiotrophy (Canine Multiple System Degeneration) (SERAC1 Exon 4)
Juvenile Laryngeal Paralysis and Polyneuropathy(RAB3GAP1)
Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy (HSAN), Acral Mutilation Syndrome (GDNF-AS)
Juvenile-Onset Polyneuropathy, Leonberger Polyneuropathy 1 (LPN1, ARHGEF10)
Spongy Degeneration with Cerebellar Ataxia 1 (SDCA1), SeSAME/EAST (KCNJ10)
Spongy Degeneration with Cerebellar Ataxia 2 (SDCA2) (ATP1B2)

Heart
Dilated Cardiomyopathy (PDK4)
Long QT Syndrome (KCNQ1)

Muscular
Muscular Dystrophy Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Variant 1
Muscular Dystrophy Muscular Dystrophy (DMD Pembroke Welsh Corgi Variant )
Muscular Dystrophy Muscular Dystrophy (DMD Golden Retriever Variant)
Centronuclear Myopathy (PTPLA)
Exercise-Induced Collapse (DNM1)
Inherited Myopathy of Great Danes (BIN1)
Bully Whippet Syndrome (MSTN)
Myotonia Congenita (CLCN1 Exon 7)
Myotonia Congenita (CLCN1 Exon 23)
Myotubular Myopathy 1, X-linked Myotubular Myopathy (MTM1)

Metabolic
Hypocatalasia, Acatalasemia (CAT)
Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Deficiency (PDP1)
Malignant Hyperthermia (RYR1)

Gastrointestinal
Imerslund-Grasbeck Syndrome, Selective Cobalamin Malabsorption (CUBN Exon 53)
Imerslund-Grasbeck Syndrome, Selective Cobalamin Malabsorption (CUBN Exon 8)

Neuromuscular
Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome (CHAT)
Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome (COLQ)
Episodic Falling Syndrome (BCAN)

Skin & Connective Tissues
Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa (COL7A1)
Ectodermal Dysplasia, Skin Fragility Syndrome(PKP1)
Ichthyosis, Epidermolytic Hyperkeratosis(KRT10)
Hereditary Footpad Hyperkeratosis (FAM83G)
Ichthyosis (PNPLA1)
Ichthyosis (SLC27A4)
Focal Non-Epidermolytic Palmoplantar Keratoderma, Pachyonychia Congenita (KRT16)
Hereditary Nasal Parakeratosis (SUV39H2)
Musladin-Lueke Syndrome (ADAMTSL2)

Skeletal
Cleft Lip and/or Cleft Palate (ADAMTS20)
Hereditary Vitamin D-Resistant Rickets (VDR)
Oculoskeletal Dysplasia 1, Dwarfism-Retinal Dysplasia (COL9A3, Labrador Retriever)
Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Brittle Bone Disease(COL1A2)
Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Brittle Bone Disease(SERPINH1)
Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Brittle Bone Disease(COL1A1)
Osteochondrodysplasia, Skeletal Dwarfism(SLC13A1)
Skeletal Dysplasia 2 (COL11A2)
Craniomandibular Osteopathy (CMO) (SLC37A2)

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Ataxia (late onset)
Ataxia myokymia and/or seizure

BAER (hearing test)
Cone degeneration 
Congenital Stationary Night Blindness 
Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia

Cystinuria
D Locus-Dilution (Diluted coat color gene)
Degenerative Myelopathy

Dilated Cardiomyopathy (heart)
Globoid Cell Leucodystrophy 
GMI Gangliosidosis  
Hemophilia A

Hemophilia B
Hyperuricosuria 
Hypothyroidism with Goiter
Leucocyte Adhesion Deficiency
Progressive Retinal Atrophy 
Malignant Hyperthermia
Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII 
Muscular Dystrophy
Myotonia Congenita 
Narcolepsy 
Neurodegenerative disorders - Eight (8) 
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis  
Phosphofructosokinase Deficiency 
Patellar Luxation
PRA (RCD-3), PRA (PRAG), PRA (RCD1-cGMP)
Primary Lens Luxation (PLL) 
Progressive Rod-Cone Degeneration
Retinal Dystrophy (prad) 
SCID (DNA-PKc & DNA PKc2) 
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCIW & SCIX)
Spinocerebellar Ataxia (SCA)
Thrombasthenic Thrombopathia 
Von Willebrand Disease (2 types)
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Barney's a jack russell terrier model for a vet school in Iowa.

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This sweet little jack russell is a doggy model in Canada.